This piece of work was accomplished objectifying to analyze the technological strategies in the sugar-cane agro-industry in the state of Paraná, using Freeman’s classification ( 1974 ) as a theorical reference. The “inquiry” technic through questionnaires sent by mail was the means put forward for the gathering of primary data. As a corollary, the sample of the Paraná units researched put in evidence the economical benefitting from the sub-products of sugar-cane in the use of agricultural and mechanical technologies, which has reflected on the high rates of agricultural and industrial profits of the segment.The capacity of generating jobs in the segment was also evident, as well as the significant number of establishments which count on their own P&D. This is one of the reasons why the technical problems in the usines and distilleries are worked out mainly by their own technicians. The sugar-cane agro-industry of Paraná has, therefore, been adopting a strategy which is similar to the “defensive”one, not opting for the release of new products in the market but for the technical-legal adjustment to the innovations introduced.