Micro-Finance Institutions in Ethiopia: Issues of Portfolio Risk, Institutional Arrangements and Governance

The paper looks at the portfolio risk and resource allocation implications of the region-based nature of MFis; implications of some regulatory restrictions in place on the expansion and viability of MFis, and on availability of small enterprise finance, and some governance issues. While there are good reasons for establishing regional MFis the regional nature limits their ability to reduce credit and liquidity risks by diversifying away idiosyncratic risks in connection with their loan portfolio and sources of finance. There is unduly high dependence on interest income; MFis need to diversify to non-lending services Although MFis were hoped to fill the financing gap to micro and small borrowers, the regulator limits on loan size and term to maturity and MFi's preference for small, short-term loans tend to pre - empty this. The system of governance in place in most MFis is weak individual commitment and dedication aside, neither shareholders nor board members nor management seem to have appropriate incentives. The composition (qualification mix, business experience, etc) of MFi boards also needs to be reconsidered


Editor(s):
Alemayehu, Geda
Alemayehu, Seyoum
Alemu, Mekonnen
Berhane, Tareke
Getachew, Asgedom
Getachew, Yoseph
Tenkir, Bonger
Issue Date:
2001-08
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/250210
Published in:
Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Volume 07, Number 2
Page range:
25-44
Total Pages:
90
Series Statement:
ETHIOPIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
Volume VII Number 2; October 1998




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-29

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