Education choices in Ethiopia: what determines whether poor households send their children to school?

The paper uses data from a 2002 survey of 1000 rural and urban households with eight-year old children sampled from food insecure communities in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Addis Ababa Regional States. Using a probit regression model, we investigated external factors associated with child enrolment in school. We found that household wealth, cognitive social capital, adult education and ownership of land had a positive impact on whether eight-year-old children were attending school. Household wealth had the strongest impact followed by cognitive social capital (perceived levels of trust and reciprocity), the maximum level of education attained by female adults in the household, ownership or rental of land, and the maximum level of education attained by male adults in the household. In contrast, child enrolment was found to be negatively associated with the number of household members over the age of 15 years, birth order, ownership of livestock, economic shocks, distance to primary school, and child labour, in declining magnitude. The findings in general suggest that increasing child enrolment in primary school, which is a commitment of the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP) and Education Sector Development Program (ESDP), will necessitate more targeted educational policies to address regional, gender and wealth disparities, the development of education programmes for adult caregivers, as well as broader intersectoral policy initiatives to ensure that policy initiatives in other sectors facilitate rather than hinder children’s education (particularly credit and labour markets and infrastructure-related policies).


Editor(s):
Getnet, Alemu
Alemayehu, Seyoum
Alemu, Mekonnen
Eyob, Tesfaye
Gezahegn, Ayele
Diwan, Ishak
Issue Date:
2009-02
Publication Type:
Journal Article
DOI and Other Identifiers:
ISSN 1993-3681 (Other)
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/249692
Published in:
Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Volume 17, Number 1
Page range:
43-80
Total Pages:
80
Series Statement:
ETHIOPIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
VOLUME XVII NUMBER 1 April 2008




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-04-28

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