Rice Biotechnology: Helping or Hurting Farmers in the Philippines

Rice is a staple crop in developing countries in Asia. By examining resource-poor and smallholder rice farmers in the Philippines, this article studies the impact of rice biotechnology, by analyzing if adoption of hybrid rice varieties results in improved farmer conditions. Using a propensity score matching approach, the analysis compares the differences in total production between adopters of hybrid seed and non-adopters, while accounting for self-selection bias and the possibility of endogenous factors. From this analysis, it is not clear if rice farmers benefit from hybrid rice seed adoption, as there is a consistent change of sign in farmer benefits between seasons. In the wet season, there is a negative difference in total rice production between adopters of hybrid seed and non-adopters; whereas in the dry season, this difference is positive. Future studies examining farmer benefits of technological adoption should employ a matching approach to correctly compare the effects on adopters and non-adopters.


Issue Date:
2015
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/232753
Published in:
SS-AAEA Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2015
Total Pages:
13




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-09-20

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