Sustainability of global and local food value chains. An empirical comparison of Peruvian and Belgian asparagus

The sustainability of food value chains is an increasing concern for consumers, food companies and policy-makers. Global food chains are often perceived to be less sustainable than local food chains. Yet, thorough food chain analyses and comparisons of different food chains across sustainability dimensions are rare. In this article we analyze the local Belgian and global Peruvian asparagus value chains and explore their sustainability performance. A range of indicators linked to environmental, economic and social impacts is calculated to analyze the contribution of the supply chains to economic development, resource use, labour relations, distribution of added value and governance issues. Our findings suggest that none of the two supply chains performs invariably better and that there are trade-offs among and between sustainability dimensions. Whereas the global chain uses water and other inputs more intensively and generates more employment per unit of land and higher yields; the local chain generates more revenue per unit of land.


Issue Date:
2016-03
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/232594
Page range:
1-34
Total Pages:
34
JEL Codes:
Q01; Q17
Note:
See formal publication: Schwarz, J.; Schuster, M.; Annaert, B.; Maertens, M.; Mathijs, E. Sustainability of Global and Local Food Value Chains: An Empirical Comparison of Peruvian and Belgian Asparagus. Sustainability 2016, 8, 344.
Series Statement:
Bio-economics Working Papers
2016/01




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-05-27

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