An Economic Valuation on the External Cost of Alternative Milk Packaging

This paper investigates the degree to which glass bottled milk is an environmentally friendly alternative. A recent life cycle assessment for fluid milk packaging alternatives is utilized to quantify the environmental costs associated with each packaging type. We conduct a sensitivity analysis to identify the return and reuse rates under which the glass bottle has a lower environmental impact than the alternatives. With eight reuses and 95 percent return rate, glass bottled milk has a lower environmental cost than the alternatives. Twelve reuses and a 100 percent return rate is necessary for glass packaging to have the lowest social cost.


Issue Date:
2015-11
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/212991
Published in:
Journal of Food Distribution Research, Volume 46, Number 3
Page range:
68-80
Total Pages:
13




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-28

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