The dynamics of household beef consumption in Cameroon

Recent changes in economic conditions have introduced notable changes in household beef consumption patterns in Cameroon. While consumers are concerned about the short- and long-run effects of these factors on beef consumption habits, policy makers are more worried about the appropriate period necessary for households to make complete adjustments in consumption since this information is vital for planning production. Static and dynamic demand frameworks involving the Nerlovian partial adjustment (PA) model are used to capture the dynamic nature of beef consumption parameters. Maximum likelihood estimates of the PA model reveal that the conditioning variables explain 79% of the variation in beef consumption. Income, previous consumption, own-price and prices of fish and pork are jointly important in explaining beef consumption habits. Beef is a normal good with pork and fish as substitutes and chicken as a complement. Long-run price and income elasticities are greater than but not significantly different from their short-run values, suggesting tijat adjustment in consumption is fast with about 80% of the difference between actual and 'desired' consumption being completed in about 2 years. Projections show that demand for beef will reach 109620 t by the year 2000, giving an incremental total and per capita demand of 31730 tons and 1.84 kg, respectively.

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Journal Article
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Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Volume 14, Issue 1
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 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-22

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