000016726 001__ 16726
000016726 005__ 20170824000852.0
000016726 037__ $$a1607-2016-134458
000016726 041__ $$aen
000016726 245__ $$aCONSUMER EFFECTS OF HARMONIZING INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR TRADE IN ORGANIC FOODS
000016726 260__ $$c2001
000016726 269__ $$a2001
000016726 270__ $$mllohr@agecon.uga.edu$$pLohr,   Luanne
000016726 300__ $$a21
000016726 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000016726 446__ $$aEnglish
000016726 490__ $$aFaculty Series 00-10, Revised February 2001
000016726 520__ $$aEven if governments agree on equivalency of organic standards across countries, consumers may still believe domestically produced organic foods are superior to imports.  We simulated a partial equilibrium model of trade in organic wheat between the United States and Germany to illustrate the welfare gains and losses associated with international harmonization of organic standards.  Six cases were examined - no equivalency in standards (the status quo), equivalency of standards with complete and incomplete import acceptance, exporters certifying in importing country with complete and incomplete import acceptance, and exporters paying educational costs, with incomplete import acceptance. Results demonstrate that importing country consumers are better off if they are willing to accept imports as equivalent to domestically produced organic foods.  Strategies to reduce resistance such as educational programs or foreign certification add costs to production that reduce quantity traded and impose welfare losses on exporting country producers and importing country consumers.
000016726 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000016726 700__ $$aLohr, Luanne
000016726 700__ $$aKrissoff, Barry
000016726 8564_ $$s80985$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/16726/files/fs0010.pdf
000016726 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/16726
000016726 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:16726$$qGLOBAL_SET
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  Previous issue date: 2001
000016726 982__ $$gUniversity of Georgia>Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics>Faculty Series
000016726 980__ $$a1607